Did you know that Earthworms have no backbone and no eyes? You may be surprised to know that they live in tunnels. Here are some fascinating facts about these cool creatures. In addition to that, they are cold-blooded and do not have eyes. Charles Darwin studied earthworms for 39 years. And, according to Wikipedia, there are over three thousand species of earthworms! Learn all about this unique creature by reading this Earthworm Facts Information and Personality article!
Earthworms are cold blooded
Earthworms breathe through their skin and mucus. They do not bite or sting. As a cold-blooded animal, earthworms are unable to regulate their own body temperature and instead assume the temperature of their surroundings. They live underground and feed on undecayed organic matter. They have two heart-like organs and a digestive tract. The earthworm’s body weight is approximately 50 grams.
The temperature of the soil determines the life span of an earthworm. Higher temperatures cause earthworms’ metabolisms to increase. Their bodies must burn fat stores to remain warm and survive. They cannot live at temperatures below freezing or above 95 degrees Fahrenheit. In temperate climates, earthworms live between six and ten years. You can keep a worm farm at the correct temperature to prolong their lives.
Scientists say that the regulating temperature of an earthworm is important for the animal’s survival. The cold slows their metabolic processes, making it difficult to perform daily tasks such as eating and casting. In cold temperatures, earthworms hibernate, conserving their energy. However, this phenomenon is not widespread among other animals. In fact, the cold-blooded state of earthworms is more common in polar regions than in tropical regions.
They have no eyes
Even though earthworms have no eyes, they can detect light and dark using the receptors on their head. This ability helps them navigate in the dark and avoid predators. Their lack of eyes does not prevent them from sensing light, however, and prolonged exposure to UV rays can paralyze them. So, it is important to keep the sun away from these creatures. But what happens if you accidentally expose these creatures to sunlight?
An interesting fact about earthworms is that they do not have wings like birds, scaly skin like reptiles, or six legs like insects. There are two general groups of animals, invertebrates, and vertebrates. Invertebrates do not have backbones, like snakes, birds, and reptiles. Other invertebrates include snails, centipedes, and slugs.
Because earthworms spend most of their lives underground, they are not exposed to sunlight or bright light. Although earthworms do not have eyes, they can detect light, as they have cells on their heads that act as photoreceptors. This is important for them, because too much light can cause them to freeze in their tunnels and die. In addition, light can cause them to become dimmer and less active, but they can still detect light at different intensities.
They don’t have a backbone
What is the secret to an earthworm’s ability to move? Well, the answer is not in its backbone! The worm’s hydrostats, or skeleton, are composed of muscles that are oriented in specific ways. The body fluids that earthworms contain are compressible, unlike air, so the muscles pull against each other to propel themselves forward. And that’s exactly how they move.
The backbone is a part of the skeleton, and most animals have a backbone. Invertebrates, like earthworms, are devoid of a backbone, which is a major distinction in their anatomy. Instead, they have a water-filled skeleton. A skeleton does not have a backbone, but invertebrates are cold-blooded, which means they do not regulate their body temperature.
The earthworm’s nervous system is segmented, with its brain at one end. The first ventral ganglion is connected to the brain, which helps the earthworm sense the world. Without the first ventral ganglion, an earthworm would just move constantly without eating or digging. The nerves in each segment are connected to the body parts that sense touch, light, and vibration. These signals are translated into movement.
They live in tunnels
Earthworms are hermaphrodites, which means that they have male and female reproductive organs in different parts of their bodies. The female sex organs are located in different segments of the earthworm body, while the male sex organ is located in the middle of the earthworm’s body. However, two worms are still required to tango. Earthworms reproduce through sexual intercourse.
Earthworms live in soil-filled u-shaped tunnels. They use these tunnels to move quickly through the soil, while at the same time protecting themselves from predators. Their burrows aerate the soil, while retaining moisture and nutrients. They also help to improve the soil’s pH. If you’re wondering how earthworms do this, read a few books on the subject.
The body of an earthworm is composed of two tubes, the inner tube is the digestive system, and the outer tube is the skin. The inner tube is black and is surrounded by segments. The two tubes are separated by a larger band called the clitellum. The head has a mouth, and the clitellum has several glands that secrete mucus to make the cocoon. This allows the worm to slide through the soil and crawl through small spaces.
They are sensitive to vibration
There are more than 7000 species of earthworms worldwide. Their sensitivity to vibration is determined by both biotic and abiotic factors. In the wild, moles are the number one predator of earthworms. The sound of moles digging up their burrows causes earthworms to scurry to the surface. The worms then try to flee. Another type of vibration that earthworms detect is worm grunting.
A video of a vibrating earthworm has been processed to determine its body vibration spectrum. Note that the worm’s body vibration peaks are significantly wider than those of a Teflon plate. The resulting spectrum has a distinct, subharmonic peak at 20 Hz, which is visible in the inset. Further, earthworms are sensitive to the sound of vibration and can sense the frequency of their own breathing.
Researchers have also noticed that earthworms are particularly sensitive to vibration from nearby animals. When Herring gulls tap the earth with their feet, the vibrations cause earthworms to the surface. The gulls then eat the earthworms. This suggests that the same mechanism may be used by other ground dwellers. Although there is no direct evidence to support this theory, the findings suggest that this evasive action may be widespread.
They have a closed circulatory system
Unlike mammals, earthworms have a closed cardiovascular system. The heart of an earthworm is made up of five pairs of aortic arches that wrap around the esophagus and pump blood back to its dorsal blood vessels. These blood vessels contract to shift blood downwards towards the earthworm’s body. The blood is then transported to the earthworm’s body via a network of connected capillary beds.
The annelids have a closed circulating system, which means that the blood is kept within their blood vessels. Earthworms have five heart-like vessels in the front portion of their bodies, as opposed to one single central blood vessel. The dorsal blood vessel pumps blood to the tail region, while the ventral vessel transports it to the head. Both of these vessels are connected to each other by a pair of tubes.
Earthworms are an important part of the ecosystem, contributing to a healthy soil ecosystem. The tunnels they create help aerate the soil, allowing it to retain more nutrients. Furthermore, earthworms also eat organic material that plants cannot use directly. Their castings are rich in plant nutrients. This makes the earthworm an important part of the soil system and is beneficial for farmers and gardeners alike.