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Parrots belong to the order Psittaciformes. This order contains more than three hundred and fifty birds. Among these birds, there are parakeets, macaws, cockatoos, and Asian ring-necked parrots. There are various types of parrots present in the world. Though there are diverse species, true parrots have general traits in common.
To be a true parrot, a bird must exhibit the following properties:
- It should have a bent beak.
- The feet must be zygodactyl
- Each foot should have four toes; two pointing in the forward direction, and the other two points to the backside
Size of true parrots:
As parrots belong to such a diverse group, they have multiple species varying in sizes and weights. A parrot can range from three to forty inches in size and can weigh from sixteen to sixty-four kilograms, with Kakapo being the heaviest among all parrots. On the other hand, the tiniest parrot is a buff-faced pygmy parrot. Its size is only about three inches and has little to no weight, and that is 6 grams.
True parrot habitat:
Mostly true parrots inhabit the warmer areas of the world like the Southern Hemisphere. However, there is no hard and fast rule as they inhabit diverse ranges of the world. The countries with the most diverse range of parrot species include Australia, New Zealand, Mexico, Southern, and Central America.
It is a myth that parrots only live in warmer regions. On the contrary, some species of true parrots live in extremely cold and chilly areas—for example, maroon-fronted parrots, parrots with thick bills, and keas.
True parrot traits:
Parrots are highly social animals, and they usually live in flocks. For example, the world’s most intelligent parrot, the African grey, lives in flocks. Each flock can contain twenty to thirty birds.
Most true parrots are romantic, as they live with only a single mate. The scientific term for such parrots is “monogamous.” The mates work in coordination to raise their young while being in a flock parrots use several techniques for communication. Whistles, squeaking, and specific tail movements are the greatest means for communication in the wild.
Though most of the true parrots are diurnal, some species are nocturnal, meaning they are active at night. For example, Kakapo sleeps during the day and forage at night.
Welcome back to the Zoological world, today we are here with a very interesting topic “true parrots.” Many people do not know the difference between birds and true parrots. Therefore you are here to explore, and we have provided all the facts and logic to clear up your queries. Let’s begin!!
There are 350 plus species of true parrots and includes prevalent parrots species like Asian parrots, Macaws, Cockatoos, Lovebirds, and Lorikeets, etc. What are true parrots? True parrots will always have a bent and robust beak. Upright posture or position is also a very primary factor associated with the true parrots.
All true parrots are called “Zygodactyls,” meaning they will bear four toes on both of their feet. Two of the front toes will be pointing in the pointing in the forward direction while the other two will point in the backward direction. True parrots are mainly herbivores, and their diet consists mostly of vegetables, fruits, flowers, seeds, nuts, and maybe small insects for some giant species.
Parrots are the birds of warmer weather and are mainly found in countries like Mexico, Asian countries, Australia, America, Polynesia, and the Middle East. However, Australia and America contain the most diverse species of parrots.
True parrots are most commonly kept as pets because they have a loving and friendly nature. They are not new pets; they have been kept as pets for centuries. Parrots are brilliant, curious, and some species are masters at mimicking like African grey and the Asian species. Colors of the parrots are the most popular attraction to the owners.they are just so beautiful to watch; therefore, they have much popularity as pets.
Some wild species of the parrots are endangered too, and therefore there is a ban on their sale. But, as the parrots are very popular as pets, so the illegal trade is still going on in several parts of the world.
True parrot food
It is a fantastic fact that the diet of the parrots is as colorful and diverse as the parrots. Parrots are herbivores, and therefore there is a lot of variety you can feed to them. Cabbage, kale, cucumber, chilies and many more, so the list goes on. To find out the best diet for your parrot, stay tuned.
Apart from all the best things you can give to your parrots to eat are fresh fruits, vegetables, seeds, and pellet food too. In their natural or wild habitat, their diet can be much more diverse, and they may never be consistent on one kind of food. The significant types of food they eat in the wild include fruits, vegetables, flowers, nuts, seeds, and sometimes small insects too. Due to these factors, they also live less due to the threats they face during the food-finding process. You can check out the article to know about how long do parrots live?.
The best way to feed your caged parrot is to provide them all kinds of diet he /she should be having in the wild. Therefore you have to deliver them a colorful and balanced diet to nurture them properly.
Food list for true parrot:
- Citrus fruits
- Passion fruit
The vegetables which the parrots will readily eat are:
- Mint leaves
- Bell Peppers
- Baby corn
- Winter squashes
- Sweet potatoes
Note: your parrot will literally eat any fruit or vegetable you will give it to him. But remember you have to put a limit on its diet. Avoid things like potato mash, because they are rich in fat and sugars.
You can also incorporate little amounts of the animal protein in the parrot’s diet, but it will be okay without it too. Some vets accept giving the parrots eggs while others contradict this thing.
However, fruits and vegetables are a must in a parrot’s diet, and they are not so expensive; therefore, parrots are very handy pets.
The amount of food you give to your parrot is directly related to its species and size. However, try to go for organic and fresh things if possible, for at least 40%.
Seeds carry the essential vitamins, oils, and omega, which your parrot needs for a shining fur and feathers. Therefore, giving them a seed mix of pumpkin seeds, sunflower seeds, and rosehip seeds is very beneficial.
If you are a beginner and do not know about all the necessary nutrients, you can provide, you can switch to pellets and can add fruits and vegetables in it. Pellets are clean and are well formulated according to the parrot’s diet requirements.
True parrot scientific name
True parrots are the parrots with unique anatomy. They have substantial bent bills, a jaw that moves just higher than their head, have feet that contain four toes, pointing forward and backward, and have an upright posture. There are more than 402 species of the true parrots, and there are many more to explore. They are herbivores, and together they form the group of “Psittacidae.” Yes! You guessed it right; it is the scientific name for parrots. It is a superfamily, which is further divided into three subfamilies which are Cockatoos, true parrots and the kaka/kakapo.
15 true parrot facts
Parrots are colorful and jolly pets that love to copy. Besides this, there are several other exciting things you may not know about the parrots, and here they are:
- There is a diverse range of species of true parrots, almost 402.
- Parrots are the birds of warm weather and therefore are usually found in tropical and subtropical regions.
- Parrots have clawed feet, their beaks are bent and are very strong, and they have firm legs.
- Most of the species of true parrots consist of very bright colors.
- Among several bird species, parrots are considered as the most interesting and intelligent ones.
- Parrots are experts at mimicking and copying the sounds and emotions as well.
- Some species of parrots only eat seeds, while majorly, they eat fruit or vegetables.
- Some parrots may live longer than their caretakers, almost 80 years.
- Asian parrots, Macaws, Eclectus, Cockatoos, and Lovebirds are among the most desirable pet parrot species.
- Cockatoos are not bright-colored; instead, they are white, black, or grey.
- Only cockatoos have 21 different kinds.
- New Zealand is the home for some rare parrot species, which includes the kakapo too.
- The Dominican flag represents the parrots.
- Parrots prefer to live their lives with a single mate.
- Some parrot species can eat mutton/meat too.
Where do true parrots live?
Parrots are very diverse species and contain birds ranging from small lovebirds to the giant macaws. Each of them has a specific habitat. Most of them live in warm weather; therefore, they inhabit tropical regions like Amazon, Australia, New Zealand, etc.
Rain forests, islands, palm forests, grasslands, savannas, and in some deserts too. Most of them prefer to inhabit such areas which are rich in greenery and have plenty of water and food resources.
Mexico, New Zealand, Asia, including Pakistan and India, Australia, America, and the Middle East are home to several rare and common bird species.
True parrot lower classifications
Parrots with a scientific name of Psittacines contain almost 400 bird species, which are colorful, curious, and mostly friendly. They live in tropical and subtropical regions as they prefer to live in warmer areas.
Their scientific name is Psittaciformes. Their higher classification or they are derived from Eufalconimorphae. They are further divided into three subfamilies.
- True parrots
- New Zealand parrots known as Kale/kaka/kakapo
Their sub-categories include the following species:
- African grey parrots
- Australian King
- Australian Ringneck
- Blackhead parrots
- Blue-crowned hanging
- Blue-headed parrots
- Crimson rosella
- Cuban Amazon
- Double-eyed Fig parrot
- Eastern Rosella
- Greater Vasa
- Lilac crowned Amazon
- Eclectus parrots
- Maroon shining parrots
- Masked shining parrots
- Mealy Amazon
- Malukan king parrot
- Orange Winged Amazon
- Pesquet’s Parrot
- Princess parrot
- Red-crowned Amazon
- Red-fan parrot
- Red-fronted parrot
- Red-lored Amazon
- Rüppell’s Parrot
- Scarlet-chested Parrot
- Senegal Parrot
- Thick-billed parrot
- White-bellied parrot
- White-crowned parrot
- White-fronted parrot
- Yellow-crowned Amazon
- Yellow-headed Amazon
- Yellow-naped amazon
Apart from these, there are many more true parrot species in which you can explore more, but these are the most popular ones.
True parrot lifespan
There are many marvelous features attributed to the parrots, and one of these features includes their long lifespan. Parrots can indeed live for a very long time, mostly living more than their owners.
The external factors directly influence the lifespan of true parrots. Why? Because the safer a parrot is, the longer it will live. Parrots living in wild environments face several kinds of threats and dangers on a daily basis. Therefore they may live even less than their average lives.
On the other hand, captive parrots enjoy all the care and attention. They do not have to face predators or any other issues like lack of food, weather harshness, etc. Therefore the caged birds live a healthy and long life.
How long do parrots and other pet birds live?
Many parrots have the tendency to accompany you until the age of the rocking chair. It is a general rule of thumb that in captivation, parrots live a lot longer than the parrots who face dangers all the time in the wild. However, caged parrots do have issues like developing illnesses, etc.
The primary understanding is that the larger the size of the birds, the more fabulous life it will have. Below are some average lifespans of the common pet parrot species and others:
- African grey parrot: 60 years and maybe more
- Amazon parrots: 75 years.
- Budgerigars: 18 years
- Caiques: 50 years
- Canaries: 10 years
- Cockatiels: 15 years
- Cockatoos: 25-60 years.
- Doves: 20 plus years.
- Eclectus: 30/40 years.
20 true parrot names
These are one of the funniest and popular names you can name to your parrots: